What are the 5 Rules of Wound Care?

5 Rules of Wound Care

It can be challenging to struggle with chronic wounds, but following the 5 Rules of Wound Care can help ensure that wounds stay clean, preventing further infection and aiding in healing. No matter the type of wound, whether acute or chronic, from surgical recovery to diabetic ulcers, the 5 Rules of Wound Care can help keep chronic wound care patients from infection and promote healthy at-home wound care routines. The two things every wound care patient and family member should focus on are preventing infection and promoting healing. These rules can keep you on the road to recovery.


Wound Care Rule #1: Keep The Wound Clean

The first rule of wound care is always to keep the wound clean. Over time, infection-causing dirt, bacteria, and debris can enter the wound through your environment. Even clean clothing and bed linens can introduce bacteria into an open wound. When cleaning your wound, avoid harsh astringents like rubbing alcohol or peroxide, as they can prevent healing by damaging the healthy skin and tissues around it. 


Use your wound-care team’s recommended antiseptic wash on a sterile cloth or antiseptic wipes to clean the wound, then gently pat the wound and surrounding area dry. Cleaning the wound removes any debris or bacteria introduced to the wound. 


Seek medical attention if you have signs of infection, including but not limited to redness, increased pain, pus-like drainage, fever, or a foul odor coming from the wound.


Wound Care Rule #2: Use Clean, Appropriate Dressings

Make sure your wound dressings are dry, as a dry dressing will keep good moisture in and harmful bacteria out of the wound, allowing it to begin the healing process and preventing infection. What dressing you use depends on your wound’s type, size, and location. Band-aids don’t always cut it, so use appropriate wound coverings like sterile gauze, adhesive bandages, foam, or hydrocolloid dressings, as your wound care team recommends. Store your bandages in a clean, dry place to prevent them from becoming dirty before use.


Wound Care Rule #3: Change Your Dressings Regularly

You should change your dressings and clean the wound regularly to promote healing and prevent infection. Your wound care team will instruct you on how frequently to change your dressings. Change bandages if they become wet or dirty from the outside environment (splashed with water from stepping in a puddle) or if the bandages are wet with fluid from the wound. Take the time during a dressing change to assess the wound for signs of infection.


Wound Care Rule #4: Follow Instructions for Antibiotics or Topicals

Not every chronic wound patient requires antibiotics, but some do. Your wound care team may prescribe an oral or topical antibiotic for infection treatment and prevention. It’s vital to the healing and recovery process to take or apply the antibiotics as directed by your provider so it has time to fight the infection properly. 


Wound Care Rule #5: Find Wound Care Guidance

Chronic wound patients often require specialized care. Consult with your primary care provider or a wound-care specialist for a personalized wound-care plan that meets your needs. Wound care is about promoting healing and preventing infection. The more support a patient or family member has, the better the quality of life and chance of healing. 

Please reach out if you or a loved one is interested in at-home wound care services or looking for more information about at-home wound care from Personic Health.

Related Posts

The Caregiver’s and Nurse’s Role in Wound Care

Nurse practitioners are essential in providing wound care and treatment that helps accelerate healing and prevent complications and infections. Working together, patients, their families, and Nurse practitioners play a significant role in a chronic wound patient’s support team. They significantly contribute to the patient’s well-being, improve quality of life, and help wound care patients work

At-Home Wound Care Service

When you or a loved one is struggling with chronic wounds, the last thing you want to do is travel to a medical facility for wound care. Traveling with painful chronic wounds can be tiring and impact the patient’s quality of life. At-home wound care services can provide a comfortable and expert option for patients

Chronic wounds are debilitating to a patient’s quality of life, pose a clinical challenge to physicians, and impose financial burden on the health-care system. New treatment options are therefore highly sought after. Ultrasound debridement is a promising technology that functions to disperse bacterial biofilms, increase blood flow to the wound site and stimulate wound healing.

Amniotic products have been used successfully for over a century in the setting of problematic tissue healing and have enjoyed a stellar safety record. Following recent clinical success with treating orthopedic injuries, there has been renewed interest in the treatments for musculoskeletal disease and injury. An abundance of scientific and clinical evidence has demonstrated the

What You’re Really Getting with an Injection of Steroids Most patients are familiar with steroid injections, but most have no idea that PRP injections are an alternative to treat many of the same issues. Let’s review what you’re really getting when you get a steroid injection. Cartilage Damage High-dose steroid injections destroy cartilage. That steroid